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 Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan & Mosque of El-Rifai

Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan & Mosque of El-Rifai

Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan
Is considered stylistically the most compact and unified of all Cairo monuments. The building was constructed for Sultan Hassan bin Mohammad bin Qala'oun in 1256 AD as a mosque and religious school for all sects.

Regarded as the finest early Mamluk architecture in Cairo, built between 1356 and 1363 by the king (El sultan) Hassan. 300 people killed while building this mosque, this tragedy happened when one of the minarets collapsed.

It is impressive that this mosque survived after all the wars it have seen during the Mamluk era, also it suffered a lot during the French occupation to Egypt as all revolutions started from this mosque or Al-Azhar mosque.

Mosque of El-Rifai
 Designed by Mustapha Fahmi with a Bahri Mameluke style, the Refa'i Mosque faces the Sultan Hassan Mosque and is named after a Muslin holy man, Shekh Ali Abu El-Shoubak who is buried here. The mosque was completed in 1912 by Max Herz Pasha and was constructed at the order of Khoushiar, mother of the Khedive Ismail. The mosque also became the Royal Crypt of Egypt's last dynasty. It was built on the former site of the Sheikh ar-Rifa'i zawia and covers 75,350 square feet.

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