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Egyptian god ancient Egyptian god goddess
Sati Seker Sekhmet Selket Serapis Set Shu Sobek Sothis Tefnut Thoth Thoueris
 

 
All The Gods Egyptian
 

 
Name God Of.. Name God Of..
Amen   Amen-Ra  
Amset protector of the liver Anubis preserve all the dead
Anuket dispenser of cool water Apis deity of fertility
Aten the sun Atum  
Bast   Bes entertainer of children
Duamutef protector of the stomach Edjo  
Geb the earth Hadit  
Hapi protector of the lungs Hathor goddess of the dead
Harpocrates   Heqet  
Heru-ra-ha   Horus  
Horus of Behedet   Imhotep  
Isis   Khepri  
Khnum   Khons  
Maat   Min  
Month   Mut  
Nefertum   Neith  
Nekhbet   Nephthys  
Nut   Osiris  
Pharaoh   Ptah  
Qebehsenuf   Qetesh  
Ra   Ra-Horakhty  
Sati   Seker  
Sekhmet   Selket  
Serapis   Set  
Shu   Sobek  
Sothis   Tefnut  
Thoth   Thoueris  


Sati
The goddess of Elephantine, and the consort of Khnum. Together with their companion Anuket, dispenser of cool water. Represented with human head, the crown of Upper Egypt, and the horns of gazelles.
See also Anuket, Khnum.
Seker
A god of light, protector of the spirits of the dead passing through the Underworld en route to the afterlife. Seker was worshiped in Memphis as a form of Ptah or as part of the compound deities Ptah-seker or Ptah-seker-ausar. Seker was usually depicted as having the head of a hawk, and shrouded as a mummy, similar to Ptah.
See also Ptah.
Sekhmet
A lioness-goddess, worshiped in Memphis as the wife of Ptah; created by Ra from the fire of his eyes as a creature of vengeance to punish mankind for his sins; later, became a peaceful protectress of the righteous, closely linked with the benevolent Bast.
See also Bast, Ptah.
Selket (Serqet, Serket)
A scorpion-goddess, shown as a beautiful woman with a scorpion poised on her head; her creature struck death to the wicked, but she was also petitioned to save the lives of innocent people stung by scorpions; she was also viewed as a helper of women in childbirth. She is depicted as binding up demons that would otherwise threaten Ra, and she sent seven of her scorpions to protect Isis from Set.
She was the protectress of Qebehsenuf, the son of Horus who guarded the intestines of the deceased. She was made famous by her statue from Tutankhamen's tomb, which was part of the collection which toured America in the 1970's.

See also Isis.
Serapis
A Ptolemaic period god, devised by the Greeks from Osiris and Apis. Supposedly the consort of Isis, god of the afterlife and fertility. Also physician and helper of distressed worshippers. Never obtained much following from the native Egyptian population. His cult center was Alexandria.
See also Apis, Osiris.
Set (Seth)
In earliest times, Set was the patron deity of Lower (Northern) Egypt, and represented the fierce storms of the desert whom the Lower Egyptians sought to appease. However, when Upper Egypt conquered Lower Egypt and ushered in the First Dynasty, Set became known as the evil enemy of Horus (Upper Egypt's dynastic god).
Set was the brother of Osiris, Isis, and Nephthys, and husband of the latter; according to some versions of the myths he is also father of Anubis.

Set is best known for murdering his brother and attempting to kill his nephew Horus; Horus, however, managed to survive and grew up to avenge his father's death by establishing his rule over all Egypt, castrating Set, and casting him out into the lonely desert for all time.

In the 19th Dynasty there began a resurgence of respect for Set, and he was seen as a great god once more, the god who benevolently restrained the forces of the desert and protected Egypt from foreigners.

See also Anubis, Horus, Isis, Nephthys, Osiris.
Shu
The god of the atmosphere and of dry winds, son of Ra, brother and husband of Tefnut, father of Geb and Nut. Represented in hieroglyphs by an ostrich feather (similar to Maat's), which he is usually shown wearing on his head. He is generally shown standing on the recumbent Geb, holding aloft his daughter Nut, separating the two.
The name "Shu" is probably related to the root shu meaning "dry, empty." Shu also seems to be a personification of the sun's light. Shu and Tefnut were also said to be but two halves of one soul, perhaps the earliest recorded example of "soulmates."

See also Tefnut.
Sobek
The crocodile-god, worshipped at the city of Arsinoe, called Crocodilopolis by the Greeks. Sobek was worshipped to appease him and his animals. According to some evidence, Sobek was considered a fourfold deity who represented the four elemental gods (Ra of fire, Shu of air, Geb of earth, and Osiris of water). In the Book of the Dead, Sobek assists in the birth of Horus; he fetches Isis andNephthys to protect the deceased; and he aids in the destruction of Set.
Sothis
Feminine Egyptian name for the star Sirius, which very early meshed with Isis (being the consort of Sahu-Osiris, which was Orion). Also associated with Hathor.
See also Hathor, Isis.
Tefnut
The goddess of moisture and clouds, daughter of Ra, sister and wife of Shu, mother of Geb and Nut. Depicted as a woman with the head of a lioness, which was her sacred animal. The name "Tefnut" probably derives from the root teftef, signifying "to spit, to moisten" and the root nu meaning "waters, sky."
See also Shu.
Thoth (Tahuti)
The god of wisdom, Thoth was said to be self-created at the beginning of time, along with his consort Maat (truth), or perhaps created by Ra. At Hermopolis it was said that from Thoth were produced eight children, of which the most important was Amen, "the hidden one", who was worshiped in Thebes as the Lord of the Universe. The name "Thoth" is the Greek corruption of the original Egyptian Tahuti. Thoth was depicted as a man with the head of an ibis bird, and carried a pen and scrolls upon which he recorded all things. He was shown as attendant in almost all major scenes involving the gods, but especially at the judgement of the deceased. He served as the messenger of the gods, and was thus equated by the Greeks with Hermes.
Thoth served in Osirian myths as the vizier (chief advisor and minister) of Osiris. He, like Khons, is a god of the moon, and is also the god of time, magic, and writing. He was considered the inventor of the hieroglyphs.

See also Amen, Maat.
Thoueris (Ta-urt)
A hippopotamus goddess, responsible for fertility and protecting women in childbirth. Partner of Bes.
See also Bes.

 

Rewritten and reformatted from the original "Frequently Asked Questions and Information about Egyptian Mythology", 8 May 1994 revision, by Shawn C. Knight.
This document is copyright 1995 by Shawn C. Knight. Reproduction in any form, electronic or otherwise, for profit without the consent of the author is expressly prohibited. Readers are free to quote from this document, with attributions, as reference material for research papers, USENET posts, etc.




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