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|All The Gods Egyptian|
The goddess of Elephantine, and the
consort of Khnum. Together with their companion Anuket, dispenser of
cool water. Represented with human head, the crown of Upper Egypt,
and the horns of gazelles.
See also Anuket, Khnum.
A god of light, protector of the spirits
of the dead passing through the Underworld en route to the
afterlife. Seker was worshiped in Memphis as a form of Ptah or as
part of the compound deities Ptah-seker or Ptah-seker-ausar. Seker
was usually depicted as having the head of a hawk, and shrouded as a
mummy, similar to Ptah.
See also Ptah.
A lioness-goddess, worshiped in Memphis
as the wife of Ptah; created by Ra from the fire of his eyes as a
creature of vengeance to punish mankind for his sins; later, became
a peaceful protectress of the righteous, closely linked with the
See also Bast, Ptah.
|Selket (Serqet, Serket)|
A scorpion-goddess, shown as a beautiful
woman with a scorpion poised on her head; her creature struck death
to the wicked, but she was also petitioned to save the lives of
innocent people stung by scorpions; she was also viewed as a helper
of women in childbirth. She is depicted as binding up demons that
would otherwise threaten Ra, and she sent seven of her scorpions to
protect Isis from Set.
She was the protectress of Qebehsenuf, the son of Horus who guarded the intestines of the deceased. She was made famous by her statue from Tutankhamen's tomb, which was part of the collection which toured America in the 1970's.
See also Isis.
A Ptolemaic period god, devised by the
Greeks from Osiris and Apis. Supposedly the consort of Isis, god of
the afterlife and fertility. Also physician and helper of distressed
worshippers. Never obtained much following from the native Egyptian
population. His cult center was Alexandria.
See also Apis, Osiris.
In earliest times, Set was the patron
deity of Lower (Northern) Egypt, and represented the fierce storms
of the desert whom the Lower Egyptians sought to appease. However,
when Upper Egypt conquered Lower Egypt and ushered in the First
Dynasty, Set became known as the evil enemy of Horus (Upper Egypt's
Set was the brother of Osiris, Isis, and Nephthys, and husband of the latter; according to some versions of the myths he is also father of Anubis.
Set is best known for murdering his brother and attempting to kill his nephew Horus; Horus, however, managed to survive and grew up to avenge his father's death by establishing his rule over all Egypt, castrating Set, and casting him out into the lonely desert for all time.
In the 19th Dynasty there began a resurgence of respect for Set, and he was seen as a great god once more, the god who benevolently restrained the forces of the desert and protected Egypt from foreigners.
See also Anubis, Horus, Isis, Nephthys, Osiris.
The god of the atmosphere and of dry
winds, son of Ra, brother and husband of Tefnut, father of Geb and
Nut. Represented in hieroglyphs by an ostrich feather (similar to
Maat's), which he is usually shown wearing on his head. He is
generally shown standing on the recumbent Geb, holding aloft his
daughter Nut, separating the two.
The name "Shu" is probably related to the root shu meaning "dry, empty." Shu also seems to be a personification of the sun's light. Shu and Tefnut were also said to be but two halves of one soul, perhaps the earliest recorded example of "soulmates."
See also Tefnut.
|The crocodile-god, worshipped at the city of Arsinoe, called Crocodilopolis by the Greeks. Sobek was worshipped to appease him and his animals. According to some evidence, Sobek was considered a fourfold deity who represented the four elemental gods (Ra of fire, Shu of air, Geb of earth, and Osiris of water). In the Book of the Dead, Sobek assists in the birth of Horus; he fetches Isis andNephthys to protect the deceased; and he aids in the destruction of Set.|
Feminine Egyptian name for the star
Sirius, which very early meshed with Isis (being the consort of
Sahu-Osiris, which was Orion). Also associated with Hathor.
See also Hathor, Isis.
The goddess of moisture and clouds,
daughter of Ra, sister and wife of Shu, mother of Geb and Nut.
Depicted as a woman with the head of a lioness, which was her sacred
animal. The name "Tefnut" probably derives from the root teftef,
signifying "to spit, to moisten" and the root nu meaning "waters,
See also Shu.
The god of wisdom, Thoth was said to be
self-created at the beginning of time, along with his consort Maat
(truth), or perhaps created by Ra. At Hermopolis it was said that
from Thoth were produced eight children, of which the most important
was Amen, "the hidden one", who was worshiped in Thebes as the Lord
of the Universe. The name "Thoth" is the Greek corruption of the
original Egyptian Tahuti. Thoth was depicted as a man with the head
of an ibis bird, and carried a pen and scrolls upon which he
recorded all things. He was shown as attendant in almost all major
scenes involving the gods, but especially at the judgement of the
deceased. He served as the messenger of the gods, and was thus
equated by the Greeks with Hermes.
Thoth served in Osirian myths as the vizier (chief advisor and minister) of Osiris. He, like Khons, is a god of the moon, and is also the god of time, magic, and writing. He was considered the inventor of the hieroglyphs.
See also Amen, Maat.
A hippopotamus goddess, responsible for
fertility and protecting women in childbirth. Partner of Bes.
See also Bes.
Rewritten and reformatted from the
original "Frequently Asked Questions and Information about Egyptian
Mythology", 8 May 1994 revision, by Shawn C. Knight.
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